Who´s At Risk
More than 10% of adults in the US have chronic kidney disease (CKD)—though most don’t realize it. One challenge in detecting CKD is that there are virtually no kidney disease symptoms until later stages, when kidney damage has already occurred. Know your risk factors, learn the symptoms and get tested for CKD—especially if you have one of the known causes, like diabetes or high blood pressure.
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease
There are many causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The two most common causes—diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension)—are responsible for two-thirds of all cases of CKD. But sometimes, even people in seemingly good health can be diagnosed without much warning.
High blood pressure (29%)—also called hypertension, is the second leading cause of kidney failure.
Glomerular disease (7%)—causes damage to the blood vessels that filter blood in the kidneys.
Polycystic kidney disease (1.6%)—causes a buildup of cysts in the kidneys, leading to CKD.
Other (18.4%)—medication or drug abuse, immune system diseases (HIV, AIDS), lupus, cancer and