Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is divided into 5 stages based on the level of kidney function. Stages are determined through certain tests performed by your doctor, including a test used to calculate the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), which measures how well your kidneys are cleaning your blood. Kidney disease is a progressive disease, meaning that kidney function can continue to decline over time, eventually resulting in kidney failure.
5 Chronic Kidney Disease Stages
Select a CKD stage to learn more.
|CKD stage||Description||Possible signs & symptoms||eGFR|
|Stage 1||Minimal loss of kidney function||Typically, signs and symptoms of CKD do not show up until later stages—if at all||90–120|
|Stage 2||Mild to moderate loss of kidney function||60–89|
|Stage 3||Moderate to severe loss of kidney function||30–59|
|Stage 4||Severe loss of kidney function||Complications such as anemia (low blood iron), high blood pressure (hypertension) and abnormal blood levels of phosphorus, calcium and vitamin D||16–29|
End stage renal disease (ESRD)
|Kidney failure and need for dialysis or transplant||Fatigue associated with anemia (low blood iron), decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, abnormal lab values including elevated potassium, abnormalities in hormones related to bone health, elevated phosphorus and/or decreased calcium, high blood pressure (hypertension), swelling in hands/legs/eyes/lower back (sacrum) and shortness of breath||15 or less|
TREATMENT: PLANNING AHEAD FOR THE FUTURE
There are several options to consider for treating stage 5 CKD, also known as ESRD. Your doctor, family and other care team members all want to see you thrive and they can help you decide which treatment best fits your life.TREATMENT FACTORS TO CONSIDER