What Is Kidney
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a condition that occurs when your kidneys don’t work as well as they should to filter waste, toxins and excess fluid from your body. Kidney disease progresses in stages—defined by your eGFR—and may eventually lead to kidney failure. The goal of treating CKD is to best manage your health at every stage, which can help slow progression and keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible. Treatment options for kidney failure include dialysis or a kidney transplant.
What are the signs or symptoms of kidney disease?
Kidney disease is hard to detect early because most indications of kidney disease don’t show up until later stages. CKD symptoms may include changes in urination, fatigue, itching or swelling of the hands or feet.
Are you at risk for kidney disease?
There are certain factors that put you at a higher risk for CKD, including your family history, certain health conditions, ethnicity or overuse of medications.
UNDERSTANDING THE STAGES OF CKD
There are 5 stages of chronic kidney disease. Your stage is determined by your level of kidney function. Knowing your stage and what steps to take can help you stay your healthiest.
What is kidney disease? 10 facts to know
About 15% of US adults have chronic kidney disease. That’s around 30 million people.
The leading causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure. Together they account for 73% of new diagnoses.
Most people are born with 2 kidneys, but you only need 1 to live a healthy life.
Chronic kidney disease progresses in stages and can eventually lead to complete kidney failure. At that point, options include dialysis or transplant.
The progression of kidney disease can often be slowed with early treatment, but many people do not show symptoms until late stages of CKD.
Kidney disease affects people of all ages, but those 60 and over are the most likely to develop it.
Certain ethnic groups, including African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans, are at a higher risk of CKD.
About 468,000 Americans with kidney failure rely on dialysis treatments to survive.
A growing number of people with kidney disease are choosing to do at-home dialysis—nearly 61,000 people in 2017.
More than 100,000 people in the US are waiting for kidney transplants. Only 17,000 people a year will receive one.
What causes CKD?
Know your eGFR
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a measurement that indicates how well your kidneys are working. Knowing your eGFR can help you understand which CKD stage you’re in.