What Is Kidney

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a condition that occurs when your kidneys don't work as well as they should to filter waste, toxins and excess fluid from your body. Kidney disease progresses in stages and may eventually lead to kidney failure.

The goal of treating CKD is to best manage your health at every stage, which can help slow progression and keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible. Treatment options for kidney failure include dialysis or a kidney transplant.
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10 Facts About Chronic Kidney Disease

Chart of who has kidney disease

About 15% of US adults have chronic kidney disease. That's around 30 million people.

kidney disease risk factors are diabetes and high blood pressure

The leading causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure. Together they account for 73% of new diagnoses.

How many kidneys do most people have?

Most people are born with 2 kidneys, but you only need 1 to live a healthy life.

kidneys icon

Chronic kidney disease progresses in stages and can eventually lead to complete kidney failure. At that point, options include dialysis or transplant.

Kidney Disease Progression

The progress of kidney disease can often be slowed with early treatment, but many people do not show symptoms until late stages of CKD.

kidney disease most affects those over 60 years old

Kidney disease affects people of all ages, but those 60 and over are the most likely to develop it.

How many kidneys do most people have?

Certain ethnic groups, including African Americans, Hispanics and Native Americans, are at a higher risk of CKD.

how many Americans are on dialysis

About 468,000 Americans with kidney failure rely on blood-filtering dialysis treatments to survive.

40,000 people with kidney disease choose home dialysis

A growing number of people with kidney disease are choosing to do at-home dialysis—nearly 61,000 people in 2017.

How many people are waiting for a kidney transplant

More than 100,000 people in the US are waiting for kidney transplants. Only 17,000 people a year will receive one.


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What causes ckd

What causes CKD?

There are many factors that can contribute to kidney disease—most commonly, diabetes and high blood pressure. But even people who’ve taken excellent care of their health can be at risk for CKD.

Learn what causes CKD
CKD screening and discovering risk factors

Are you at risk?

Symptoms of chronic kidney disease don’t show up until the late stages, after irreversible damage is already done. Be proactive—early diagnosis is key! Get screened for CKD if you have any known risks factors like diabetes or high blood pressure.
Find out about screenings
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Newly diagnosed? Get in the know.

Discover how to thrive with kidney disease by taking a free class. You’ll learn kidney basics and tips for managing kidney disease, as well as treatment choices for kidney failure.

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talking to doctor about the stages of chronic kidney disease

The 5 stages of CKD

Learn how chronic kidney disease stages are defined by level of kidney function—and what you can do to maintain your best health at each stage.

Get savvy about kidney disease stages