- Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease
- Kidney Disease Stages
- What Is a Nephrologist?
- What to Expect with CKD
- Managing Kidney Disease
- Understanding Acute Kidney Injury
- How Kidneys Work
- Take a FREE CLASS on Kidney Disease
Understanding Chronic Kidney DiseaseUnderstanding Chronic Kidney Disease
What Is Chronic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that occurs when your kidneys don’t work as well as they should to filter waste, toxins, and excess fluids from your body. The word "chronic" means that the condition is ongoing and will require long-term medical care to look after your health. Kidney disease progresses in 5 stages and may eventually lead to end stage renal disease (ESRD) or kidney failure. The goal of treating CKD is to best manage your health at every stage, which can help slow progression and keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible. At ESRD, treatment options for kidney failure include a kidney transplant or dialysis, which can help people live well for decades.
10 facts about kidney disease
About 15% of US adults have CKD. That’s about 37 million people.
The leading causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure. Together they account for 73% of new diagnoses.
Most people are born with 2 kidneys, and you only need 1 to live a healthy life.
Early detection and treatment is key. 9 out of 10 adults with CKD do not know they have it.
Chronic kidney disease progresses in 5 stages and may eventually lead to complete kidney failure.
The progression of CKDmay be slowed by following a kidney-friendly diet, managing medications, and making healthy lifestyle choices.
Kidney disease affects people of all ages, though people 60 and over are the most likely to develop it.
Certain ethnic groups, including African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans, are at a higher risk of CKD.
Many people with kidney disease are choosing to treat at home—nearly 61,000 people in 2017.
More than 100,000 people in the US are waiting for kidney transplants. About 17,000 people a year receive one.
How is kidney disease diagnosed?
Early detection is key to slowing the progression of CKD and preserving your kidney function. Make testing a priority! If you're at risk for CKD, talk to your doctor about monitoring your kidney health. Your doctor can determine if you have kidney disease by calculating your eGFR using the results of a creatinine blood test and other health information about you. If your eGFR falls within the later stages of kidney disease, you may receive a referral to a kidney doctor (nephrologist) to help you manage your kidney health.
KNOW YOUR GFR
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a measurement that indicates how well your kidneys are working. Knowing your eGFR can help you understand which CKD stage you’re in.
UNDERSTANDING THE STAGES OF CKD
There are 5 stages of chronic kidney disease. Your stage is determined by your level of kidney function. Knowing your stage and what steps to take can help you stay your healthiest.
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UNDERSTANDING ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a sudden episode of kidney failure that occurs quickly over a short period of time. It’s important to recognize the differences between AKI and CKD.