Kidney Disease
Stages

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is divided into 5 stages based on the level of kidney function. Stages are determined through certain tests performed by your doctor, including a test used to calculate estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), which measures how well your kidneys are cleaning your blood. Kidney disease is a progressive disease, meaning that kidney function can continue to decline over time, eventually resulting in kidney failure.

While there is typically no cure for CKD, there are treatments that can help. Getting tested is important—with early diagnosis and treatment, you may be able to slow progression and keep your kidneys working longer.

TAKE A FREE CLASS ON KIDNEY HEALTH

Learn how to take care of yourself and live well with kidney disease—from eating well, to getting support, to finding the right resources.

Sign up now

5 Chronic Kidney Disease Stages

Select a CKD stage to learn more.

CKD stage Description Possible signs & symptoms eGFR
Stage 1 Kidney damage with normal kidney function High blood pressure, swelling in legs, urinary tract infections or abnormal urine test 90 or higher
Stage 2 Mild loss of kidney function 60–89
Stage 3 3a: Mild to moderate loss of kidney function;

3b: Moderate to severe loss of kidney function
Low blood count, malnutrition, bone pain, unusual pain, numbness or tingling, decreased mental sharpness or feeling unwell 3a: 45–59
3b: 30–44
Stage 4 Severe loss of kidney function Anemia, decreased appetite, bone disease or abnormal blood levels of phosphorus, calcium or vitamin D 15–29
Stage 5
End stage renal
disease (ESRD)
Kidney failure and need for transplant or dialysis Uremia, fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, abnormal thyroid levels, swelling in hands/legs/eyes/lower back or lower back pain Less than 15

Learn more about kidney disease stages

GET DETAILS ON CKD STAGE 1

PLANNING AHEAD FOR TREATMENT

There are several options to consider for treating stage 5 CKD, also known as ESRD. Learn all you can so you can choose the option that best fits your lifestyle.
TREATMENT FACTORS TO CONSIDER