- Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease
- How Kidneys Work
- Kidney Disease Stages
- What to Expect
- Managing Kidney Disease
- Take a FREE CLASS on Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is divided into 5 stages based on the level of kidney function. Stages are determined through certain tests performed by your doctor, including a test used to calculate estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), which measures how well your kidneys are cleaning your blood. Kidney disease is a progressive disease, meaning that kidney function can continue to decline over time, eventually resulting in kidney failure.
While there is typically no cure for CKD, there are treatments that can help. Getting tested is important—with early diagnosis and treatment, you may be able to slow progression and keep your kidneys working longer.
5 Chronic Kidney Disease Stages
Select a CKD stage to learn more.
|CKD stage||Description||Possible signs & symptoms||eGFR|
|Stage 1||Kidney damage with normal kidney function||High blood pressure, swelling in legs, urinary tract infections or abnormal urine test||90 or higher|
|Stage 2||Mild loss of kidney function||89–60|
|Stage 3||3a: Mild to moderate loss of kidney function;
3b: Moderate to severe loss of kidney function
|Low blood count, malnutrition, bone pain, unusual pain, numbness or tingling, decreased mental sharpness or feeling unwell||3a: 59–45
|Stage 4||Severe loss of kidney function||Anemia, decreased appetite, bone disease or abnormal blood levels of phosphorus, calcium or vitamin D||29–15|
End stage renal
|Kidney failure and need for transplant or dialysis||Uremia, fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, abnormal thyroid levels, swelling in hands/legs/eyes/lower back or lower back pain||Less than 15|
PLANNING AHEAD FOR TREATMENT
There are several options to consider for treating stage 5 CKD, also known as ESRD. Learn all you can so you can choose the option that best fits your lifestyle.TREATMENT FACTORS TO CONSIDER