What Is Dialysis?
EXPLORE TREATMENT OPTIONS
There are several treatment options when kidney failure occurs with ESRD. Discuss all the choices with your doctor to determine what's right for you.
Who needs dialysis
When a person with chronic kidney disease (CKD) reaches end stage renal disease (ESRD), also known as kidney failure or stage 5 CKD, the kidneys are no longer functioning to filter and clean the blood the way healthy kidneys normally would. Without treatment, life-threatening waste and toxins will build up in the body. At this point, dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant is needed to prolong life.
Doctors use a number of kidney function tests when determining kidney health. Early diagnosis of CKD and regular monitoring can help you keep kidney function for as long as possible—and allow you and your doctor to plan for ESRD treatment when necessary.
How does dialysis work?
Different types of dialysis to consider
- Peritoneal dialysis—uses the blood vessels in the lining of your abdomen—the body's natural filter—along with a special solution via a peritoneal catheter to filter blood. With this method, blood never leaves the body. At-home peritoneal dialysis can be done with a machine or manually at home, at work or even while traveling.
- Hemodialysis—filters the blood with a machine called a dialyzer. Once you are connected to the dialyzer via your hemodialysis access, blood flows into the machine, gets filtered and is returned to the body. There is a choice in where you do hemodialysis and who performs the treatment. In-center hemodialysis is done at the center by a team of medical professionals. At-home hemodialysis can be performed in the comfort of your own home with or without a care partner, depending on your therapy choice.
Dialysis facts at a glance
- Dialysis can substitute many normal functions of healthy kidneys.
- Dialysis empowers people with kidney failure to live full, productive lives.
- There are 2 types of kidney dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
- More and more people are choosing at-home dialysis, which can offer greater flexibility and better outcomes.
- Many people switch dialysis types to fit a changing lifestyle at some point during long-term treatment.
- The best dialysis option for you is the one that best fits your lifestyle and health needs.