Who´s At Risk
For Chronic
Kidney Disease

More than 10% of adults in the US have chronic kidney disease (CKD)—though most don’t realize it. One challenge in detecting CKD is that there are virtually no symptoms until later stages of the disease, when kidney damage has already occurred. Know your risk factors and get screened for CKD—especially if you have diabetes or high blood pressure.


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Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

There are many causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The two most common causes—diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension)—are responsible for two-thirds of all cases of CKD. But sometimes, even people in seemingly good health can be diagnosed without much warning.

Diabetes (44%)—the number one cause of kidney failure in the US, especially type 2 diabetes.

High blood pressure (29%)—also called hypertension, is the second leading cause of kidney failure.

Glomerular disease (7%)—causes damage to the blood vessels that filter blood in the kidneys.

Polycystic kidney disease (1.6%)—causes a buildup of cysts in the kidneys, leading to CKD.

Other (18.4%)—medication or drug abuse, immune system diseases (HIV, AIDS), lupus, cancer and
severe infection.


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What to do if a condition puts you at risk for CKD

If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, glomerular disease or polycystic kidney disease, you may be at greater risk for CKD. Make sure you understand your condition and your treatment plan—and ask your doctor about monitoring your kidney health. He or she may recommend testing for CKD.